On 1 July 2020, 50,2% of the population of Slovenia were men, ie more than women, mainly due to stronger immigration from abroad in recent years. Men die younger on average, but in the future life expectancy at birth is expected to increase more markedly for men than for women.
November 19 has been marked as International Men's Day since 1999, every year. It is now celebrated in more than 70 countries around the world. On this day, the focus is on men, namely in promoting men's health, improving gender relations, the importance of men's role and their contribution to society, in the family, in marriage, and in the upbringing and personal development of children.
Men are more numerous
On 1 July 2020, Slovenia had a population of just over 2,1 million (2.100.126). 50,2% were men and 49,8% were women. There were 8.840 more men than women. For the first time in more than 160 years of history, since we have reliable data on the population in the current territory of Slovenia, the population of Slovenia exceeded the population on July 1, 2019. In the European Union, in addition to Slovenia, there are only three countries with more men than women : Malta, Luxembourg and Sweden.
In Slovenia, the increase in the share of men is mainly the result of stronger immigration of foreign citizens, mostly men who immigrated to us for employment. This was mainly the case during the period of favorable economic conditions in recent years. This is also reflected in the numerical ratio between the sexes by different age groups: there are more men than women up to the age of 61. Most significantly, however, the number of men exceeds the number of women aged 20 to 50, ie in the active age: on 1 July 2020, there were 53.000 more men than women or 53% of the total population of this age.
In a quarter of municipalities, men are less than women
Although there are more men than women in the whole of Slovenia, this does not apply to all municipalities. The number of men significantly exceeds the number of women in the municipalities of Šentrupert, Osilnica, Zavrč and Cerkvenjak. On 1 July 2020, there were at least a fifth more men than women in each of these municipalities. In the municipalities of Murska Sobota, Ankaran, Poljčane and Dobrovnik, the number of women significantly exceeded the number of men, by more than 5% in each. In the middle of this year, there were 57 municipalities with fewer men than women.
In the future, men are also expected to live longer - presumably because of a healthier lifestyle
From the age of 62 onwards, the gender ratio in Slovenia is reversed: there are fewer men than women. The general health of men is on average worse than that of women, presumably due to a less healthy lifestyle, which is why younger people die on average. The average age of the (male) population who died in 2019 in Slovenia was less than 74 years, and the average age of the population who died in that year was more than 82 years. Life expectancy at birth in 2019 was also lower for men (78,5 years) than for women (84,2 years).
EUROPOP2019 population projections for the coming decades envisage an increase in life expectancy for both sexes in all European Union countries, with the gender gap slowly declining: in Slovenia, boys born in 2100 can be expected to live to be 89, girls and 93 years.
Therefore, and due to the expected continued positive increase in foreign migration in the future, which is expected to continue to be dominated by men, EUROPOP2019 projections for Slovenia predict that there will be more men than women in the coming decades. In 2100, there are expected to be more men than women by the age of 82.
Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, Barica Razpotnik